When it was constructed, the board declared that only whites could enroll. The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) operates the Washington Metro, the city's rapid transit system, as well as Metrobus. There had already been a steady movement of some residents to suburban locations in the search for newer housing and to avoid school integration. The McMillan Plan of 1901 helped restore and beautify the downtown core area, including establishing the National Mall, along with numerous monuments and museums. In 1901, the Senate Park Improvement Commission of the District of Columbia (the "McMillan Commission"), which Congress had formed the previous year, formulated the McMillan Plan, an architectural plan for the redevelopment of the National Mall.  In 1888, Congress required that all new developments within the District conform to the layout of the City of Washington. The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1961, gave the District representation in the Electoral College. , Williams did not seek reelection in 2006.  A narrower avenue (Pennsylvania Avenue) connected the "Congress house" (the Capitol) with the "President's house" (the White House). :157 Passenger traffic on the Washington Branch had increased by the 1850s, as the company opened a large station in 1851 on New Jersey Avenue NW, just north of the Capitol. The President of the USA and many major national government offices are in the territory. Le Capitole des États-Unis (en anglais : United States Capitol) est le bâtiment qui sert de siège au Congrès, le pouvoir législatif des États-Unis.Il est situé dans la capitale fédérale, Washington, D.C. La construction de style néoclassique  commence en 1793 et s'achève en 1812. To accomplish this, the boundaries of the federal district would need to encompass an area on the Potomac that was downstream of the mouth of the Eastern Branch. The strong flow of the Potomac kept a navigable channel clear year-round; and, the daily tidal lift of the Chesapeake Bay, raised the Potomac's elevation in its lower reach; such that fully laden ocean-going ships could navigate easily, all the way to the Bay. The process of establishing the federal district, however, faced other challenges in the form of strong objections from landowners such as David Burns who owned a large, 650-acre (260 ha) tract of land in the heart of the district. Washington, D.C., ada ana kiranta da District of Columbia anfi saninta da Washington ko D.C., itace Babban Brinin kasar Tarayyar Amurka. The Residence Act authorized the President to select the actual location of the site. When the city's Board of Education began building the John Phillip Sousa Junior High, a group of parents from the Anacostia neighborhood petitioned to have the school admit black and white students. It included the ports of Georgetown and Alexandria. On August 1, 2004, the Secretary of Homeland Security put the city on Orange (High) Alert.  At the time, the Patawomeck (loosely affiliated with the Powhatan) and the Doeg lived on the Virginia side, as well as on Theodore Roosevelt Island, while the Piscataway (also known as Conoy) tribe of Algonquians resided on the Maryland side.  The center of the square is within the grounds of the Organization of American States headquarters west of the Ellipse. Pierre L'Enfant drew a plan for the city that said where all the streets, parks, and important buildings would be. Washington, DC (District of Columbia) was the federal capital of the United States of America. 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